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mercoledì 17 agosto 2016

Rustenburg, la Città degli Stupri

Un'indagine di Medici senza frontiere rivela gli orrori di Rustenburg, nel Sudafrica. Dove il 25% della popolazione femminile ha subito abusi. Ma in poche denunciano.



Il 25%  della popolazione femminile è stata violentata o ha subito abusi sessuali da parte del suo partner. È il triste primato di Rustenburg, cittadina del Sudafrica da 100 mila abitanti che si trova al centro di un’importante area mineraria. Che, nel complesso, vede una donna su quattro vittima di violenze. Lo afferma una rapporto di Medici senza frontiere, che definisce i dati «scioccanti ma non rari» per il Sudafrica.
DUE VOLTE VITTIME
La ricerca di Msf ha coinvolto 800 donne di Rustenburg tra i 18 e i 49 anni. Complessivamente, nell’intera area, si stima che ogni anno vengano violentate circa 11 mila donne, ma solo il 5% di queste denuncia le violenze subite. Inoltre, il rapporto rivela che probabilmente pochissime di queste donne sanno come difendersi dall’Hiv o da gravidanze indesiderate. Come se non bastasse, spesso essere vittima di stupro equivale a portare su di sé quella che viene considerata una colpa, un vero e proprio stigma sociale.
NESSUNA INDIPENDENZA
L’area di Rustenburg si trova al centro di un’area ricca di platino, che attrae uomini e donne da tutto il Paese, ansiosi di trovare lavoro. Ma la disoccupazione è alta, e comunque i lavoratori maschi vengono preferiti alle donne, che non sono in grado di conquistare l’indipendenza a causa dei motivi economici.

LA CITTÀ DELLE DONNE STUPRATE 16-08-2016


“One in four women reported being raped in her lifetime‚ putting her at greater risk of HIV acquisition. File photo Image by: EPA/Kim Ludbrook via The Conversation



Not only is rape highly prevalent in the Rustenburg Municipality‚ but opportunities to reduce the more serious health impacts of the crime are being missed.


That’s according to Doctors Without Borders (MSF)‚ who on Tuesday released a report that reveals that one in four women in the Rustenburg area is raped during her lifetime‚ yet 95% of women who were raped never told a medical professional about the incident.
“In Rustenburg‚ approximately half of women surveyed had experienced some form of sexual violence or physical intimate partner violence‚” the reports says.
“One in four women reported being raped in her lifetime‚ putting her at greater risk of HIV acquisition.
“A higher proportion of women who had been raped reported being raped by a non-partner (72%) than a partner (59%)‚ but women who experience rape by partners tend to experience rape more frequently—two-thirds of women with partners had been raped more than once by their current partner.”
According to MSF epidemiologist Sarah-Jane Steele‚ the findings show that rape is not only highly prevalent in Rustenburg Municipality‚ but that opportunities to reduce the more serious health impacts of rape are being missed.
“Treatment and psychosocial counselling for rape survivors reporting within 72 hours can prevent HIV infection and unwanted pregnancy‚ and help to mitigate long-term psychological suffering‚” says Steele.
“But the majority of women we interviewed don’t know such treatment exists‚ services close to where they live are sorely lacking and lack of financial independence may make access difficult even when services are present.”
MSF’s survey found that‚ while 99 % of women know that rape can lead to HIV infection‚ other STIs‚ pregnancy‚ and injury:
- Only 73 % of women knew that pregnancy could be prevented after rape;
- Only one in two women (50%) knew that HIV infection could be prevented after rape; and
- Less than half of women (45 %) knew that HIV treatment existed to prevent HIV infection after rape.
MSF said the situation called “for a coordinated response from the South African government departments involved in responding to rape and sexual violence”‚ and “policies such as the next five-year National Strategic Plan for HIV‚ TB and STIs should monitor the financing and implementation of a patient-centred approach to sexual violence‚ both around Rustenburg and nationally”.
In the North West‚ only 11 designated public health facilities - out of 783 total health facilities in the district – “provide post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to prevent HIV‚ and support forensic examination for rape survivors”.
MSF medical co-ordinator Dr Amir Shroufi says there is an urgent need for “a patient-centred approach to rape and sexual violence that prioritises the medical and psychosocial needs of survivors” and this would require “more trained staff and more widely available comprehensive services are needed”.
“All rape survivors should receive access to comprehensive medical and psychosocial services to reduce the risk of contracting HIV and other infectious diseases‚ preventing unwanted pregnancy‚ addressing psychological distress and linking the patient to appropriate social support‚” says Shroufi‚ MSF Medical Coordinator in South Africa‚ “but that doesn’t diminish the importance for all survivors to also be given the option to undergo forensic examination and to pursue a legal response to rape”.
The survey - Untreated Violence: The Need for Patient-centred Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence in the Platinum Mining Belt – involved more that 800 women aged 18-49.

The South African mining town where 1 in 4 women say they have been raped  

MSF survey finds resources for Rustenburg rape survivors is lacking Nomahlubi Jordaan 16 agosto, 2016 

Anti-Rape Protest 12 agosto 2016

Women protesting Zuma’s rape charge 8 agosto 2016

Prevalence of Rape Culture in South Africa 16 giugno 2016

16-year-old serial rapist in Cape Town court 26 luglio 2016

South Sudan Soldiers Gang Raped American Women 17 agosto 2016

Soldiers Gang Rape UN Camp Girls While Peacekeepers Watch 28 luglio 2016

South Sudan `rape camps` SEPTEMBER 28, 2015

RAPE CULTURE IN KENYA 10 agosto 2016

Rape Culture In Sierra Leone 10 agosto 2016

Child Rape in Ivory Coast 22 luglio 2016

Child Rape In Congo 
       21 giugno 2016

Child Rape in Liberia 19 maggio 2016

Rape in Namibia 21 giugno 2016

Grandmothers ninja against the rapists 14 luglio 2016


Child rape crimes by peacekeepers still unpunished 17 luglio 2016

Rape Culture In Pakistan 17 agosto 2016


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